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Evidence for EIM

A Global Hope for Change: Exercise is Medicine

Physical inactivity is a leading cause of death worldwide and is a major risk factor for chronic diseases, such as coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, and several cancers.

  • Physical inactivity was responsible for an estimated 5 million deaths (9% of the total global premature mortality)
  • Almost 1/3 of the world population was categorized as being physically inactive

Given its high prevalence, health burden and societal costs, the World Health Assembly, the decision-making branch of the World Health Organization, has adopted combating physical inactivity as a priority objective for global action to help control the rising burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

When considering the relationship between physical activity (PA) and NCDs, three important questions need consideration:

  1. How can PA assessment, prescription, and referral schemes be adapted/modified for large scale implementation in health care systems?
  2. How can PA counseling and referral schemes be optimally implemented as an effective component of health care practices?
  3. What are the potential savings involved with the integration of PA assessment and counseling when integrated into health care settings?

The “Evidence” presented here is categorized into three specific areas:

  1. Physical Activity and NCD prevention and treatment
  2. The Impact of Integrating Physical Activity in Health Care
  3. Cost Effectiveness of the Promotion of Physical Activity
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Support for the Exercise is Medicine® Initiative is provided by:

Support for the Exercise is Medicine® Initiative is provided by:

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