Physical inactivity is a leading cause of death worldwide and is a major risk factor for chronic diseases, such as coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, and several cancers.
- Physical inactivity was responsible for an estimated 5 million deaths (9% of the total global premature mortality)
- Almost 1/3 of the world population was categorized as being physically inactive
Given its high prevalence, health burden and societal costs, the World Health Assembly, the decision-making branch of the World Health Organization, has adopted combating physical inactivity as a priority objective for global action to help control the rising burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
When considering the relationship between physical activity (PA) and NCDs, three important questions need consideration:
- How can PA assessment, prescription, and referral schemes be adapted/modified for large scale implementation in health care systems?
- How can PA counseling and referral schemes be optimally implemented as an effective component of health care practices?
- What are the potential savings involved with the integration of PA assessment and counseling when integrated into health care settings?
The “Evidence” presented here is categorized into three specific areas:
- Physical Activity and NCD prevention and treatment
- The Impact of Integrating Physical Activity in Health Care
- Cost Effectiveness of the Promotion of Physical Activity